Kozhikode (earlier Calicut, anglicized form of Kalikut) means Koyil (Palace) Kodu (fortified). The historical town was the seat of Zamorins.
When Vasco De Gama, the navigator from Lisbon landed at Kappad near Kozhikode, the city was the first in the country to receive a force from a Western country.
Even before the Gama expedition on this land, Arabs and Chinese had established trade relations with Kozhikode. During the British regime Kozhikode was under Madras Province.
The city has retained its position as the capital of Malabar region and major trading centre of hill-produce.
District Area - 2344 sq.km.
City Area - 30.61 sq.km.
District Population - 26,19,941
Climate - Tropical
Altitude - Sea level
Temperature - Mean Max. 34.0 deg.C, Mean Min. 22.5 deg.C
Rainfall - 254 cm. (Annual)
Tourist Season - September to May
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