Ranthambhore Tiger Reserve in the Indian state of Rajasthan comprises distinct areas with varied conservation history and virtually separated geographically, with mere narrow corridors linking them to the core, Ranthambhore National Park, Keladeve Sanctuary and Sawai Mansingh Sanctuary.
Ranthambhore National Park
The Ranthambhore National Park, at the junction of the Aravalis and the Bindhyas, is a unique juxtaposition of natural and historical richness, standing out conspicuously in a vast arid and denuded tract of eastern Rajasthan, barely 14 kilometer from the town of Sawai Madhopur. It is spread over a highly undulating topography, varying from gentle to steep slopes, from flat-topped hills (Indala, Doodh-Bhat and Chiroli) of the Bindhyas to the conical hillocks (Lahpur, Nalghati, Khachida, Anantpur etc.) to narrow, rocky gorges. An important geological feature, the "Great Boundary Fault" where the Bindhyas were brought against the much ancient Aravalis, passes from here.
Sawai Mansingh Sanctuary
The terrain is flat and rocky and there are some hills with gentle slopes. The Devpura irrigation dam in the Sanctuary is a useful source of water for wildlife and a good habitat for aquatic for a and fauna.
The Keladeve Sanctuary is the northern extension of the Ranthambhore in Kaarauli and Sawai Madhopur districts. It has hills in its southern, northern and eastern parts. At many places, it has the curious feature of two separate ridges running parallel to each other. The forest between such ridges is dense. The Sanctuary is bound to the west by the river Banas and to the south by the river Chambal. The Banas finally flows into the Chambal.
Some gorges, due to high moisture retention and cooler temperature, are nature's treasure houses. Locally, they are known as "Khoh" .The slopes of the Khos are covered with dense forest. These Khohs are the most suitable habitat for wildlife. The main Khohs in Keladevi are Nibhera , Kudka, Chiarmul, Ghanteshwar, Jail and Chidi. The forest cover is fairly sparse and spread out in the other parts.
Northern Tropical Dry Deciduous Forests
Best Time to Visit: October to June.
Nearest Town: Sawai Madhopur (11 km)
How to Get Here:
Air: Jaipur (145 km)
Rail: Sawai Madhopur (11 km).
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